Moralitas Jawa dalam Wayang Kulit Purwa: Tinjauan pada Lakon Laire Semar

Darmoko Darmoko

Abstract


The Javanese leather puppet use myths about the gods, prophets, spirits, and people of the ancient time, besides the texts of Lokapala, Arjunasasrabahu, Ramayana, and Mahabarata to teach prudence and to enable men to respond to the happenings of their natural life, or “daya-daya kekuatan alam” (van Peursen, 1989: 37). These myths contain the moral philosophy about the relation of men with other men, with nature, and with God, determined by a pattern of thought which orients itself toward the principles of harmony and balance. The paper highlights the story of the birth of Semar, or Laire [in English: la-ee-ray} Semar, which shows how the Javanese morality was constructed and power in the Javanese conception implemented. Semar, god in human form, reveals the essence of power a king should have, and teaches that power is a godly characteristic used to enhance goodness. This concept is against the belief that power is ruthlessness and domineering that is hidden in good-look, princely manner and power. His ugly looking reflects the importance of inner strength which is generous and kind, over handsome outward look, but has a mean heart As an expression of arts, the puppeteers hold an important role to distribute the stories that have philosophical meaning to the audience when the leather puppet show was conducted. A puppeteer, after all, carries a holy role.


Keywords


morality; myth; power; Java



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/paradigma.v5i2.52

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amir, Hazim. 1991. Nilai-Nilai Etis dalam Wayang. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Arifin, H.M. 1987. Menguak Misteri Ajaran Agama-Agama Besar. Jakarta: PT Golden Terayon.

Berg, C.C. 1974. Penulisan Sejarah Jawa. Terjemahan S. Gunawan. Jakarta: Bhratara.

Bratawijaya, Thomas Wiyasa. 1988. Upacara Tradisional Masyarakat Jawa. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Ciptoprawiro, Abdullah. 1986. Filsafat Jawa. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Sunoto. 1987. Menuju Filsafat Indonesia. Yogyakarta: PT Hanindita.

Suseno, Frans Magnis. 1985. Etika Jawa. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

van Peursen, C.A. 1989. Strategi kebudayaan. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Guritno, Pandam. 1988. Wayang Kepribadian Indonesia dan Pancasila. Jakarta: UI Press.

Haq, M. Zaairul. 2013. Ajaran Makrifat: Penuntun Jiwa Yang Jawa. Bantul, Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana.

Herusatoto, Budiono. 2011. Mitologi Jawa. Depok: ONCOR Semesta Ilmu.

Moertono., Soemarsaid. 1985. Negara dan Usaha Bina negara di Jawa Masa Lampau. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Mulder, Niels. 1984. Kebatinan dan Hidup Sehari-Hari Orang Jawa: Kelangsungan dan Perubahan Kulturil. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

-----------------. 1985. Pribadi dan Masyarakat di Jawa. Jakarta: Sinar harapan.

Mulyana. 2006. “Spiritualisme Jawa: Meraba Dimensi dan Pergulatan Religiusitas Orang Jawa”. dalam Kejawen: Jurnal Kebudayaan Jawa. Yogyakarta: Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Daerah Fakulta Bahasa Seni UNY bekerjasama dengan Penerbit Narasi.

Poerbatjaraka. 1952. Kapustakan Djawi. Jakarta: Djambatan.

Siswoharsojo, Ki. 1957. Pakem Makutarama. Yogyakarta: Pesat.

------------------. 1958. Wahyu Purbasejati. Yogyakarta: Ki Siswoharsojo.

Sudarsono, Nani. 2003. Pergelaran Wayang Orang Lakon Wahyu Makutharama. Jakarta: TVRI bekerjasama dengan Sekar Budaya Nusantara.

Sujamto. 1991. Sabda Pandhita ratu. Semarang Dahara Prize.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya


    

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional

                                      

Free counters!View My Stats