Narsisme sebagai Wujud Eksistensi Diri dalam Novel “My Name is Red” Karya Orhan Pamuk

Raden Dibi Irnawan


This paper discusses about socio-psychological dimension in paintings pictured in Orhan Pamuk’s novel My Name is Red. The novel shows us fi ne examples about how paintings can be a media of painters who lived in a repressive era of Sultan Murat III which established rigid rules adopted from Islamic principles of how a painting should be done. This idea manifested in the characters’ behaviour, especially Velijan Eff endi, who hold the Islamic or East principles, but dilemmatically fond of Western principles as an aesthetic way of painting. This kind of dilemma born from the presence of East and West principles intertwined in Turkey at the era pictured in the novel. Results determined that Velijan
Eff endi is narcistic as a result of his needs to be acknowledged, to exist in his repressed life. He uses his paintings as the media of expressing his needs.


Jurnal Paradigma; Paradigma; Jurnal Kajian Budaya; Socio-psychological perspective; narcism; repressive; acknowledgement; painting; Orhan Pamuk; Murat III; painting style; Islamic principles


Full Text:



American Psychiatric Association. 1994. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 21-8- 2014

Buffardi, L. E., & Campbell, W. K. 2008. Narcissism and social networking web sites. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1303–1314. doi:10.1177/0146167208320061.

Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 19-8-2014

Bushman, B.J., Bonacci, A.M., van Dijk, M., Baumeister, R.F. 2003. Narcissism, Sexual Refusal, and Aggression: Testing a Narcissistic Reactance Model of Sexual Coercion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 84, No. 5, 1027–1040. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 11-8-2014

Campbell, W. K. 1999. Narcissism and romantic attraction. Journal of Personality and Social

Psychology, 77, 1254 –1270. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2006.08.004. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 21-8-2014

Campbell, W.K., Foster, C.A., Finkel, E.J. 2002. Does Self-Love Lead to Love for Others? A Story of Narcissistic Game Playing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 83, No. 2, 340–354. Diunduh dari nkel/documents/Campbelletal_2002_001.pdf, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Campbell, W. K., Reeder, G. D., Sedikides, C., & Elliott, A. J. 2000. Narcissism and omparative

self-enhancement strategies. Journal of Research in Personality, 34, 329–347. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 14-8-2014

Chatterjee, A., & Hambrick, D. C. 2007. It’s all about me: Narcissistic chief executive offi cers and their effects on company strategy and performance. Administrative Science Quarterly,52, 351–386. doi: 10.2189/asqu.52.3.351. Diunduh dari

chatterjee_hambrick_2007.pdf, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Cicekoglu, F. 2003a. Difference, Visual Narration, and “Point of View” in My Name is Red. The Journal of Aesthetic Education, 37(4):124-137. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 21-8-2014

Cicekoglu, F. 2003b. A Pedagogy of Two Ways of Seeing: A Confrontation of “Word and Image” in My Name is Red. The Journal of Aesthetic Education, 37(3): 1-20. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 22-8-2014

Cooper, M.J., Chris Pullig. 2012. I’m Number One! Does Narcissism Impair Ethical Judgment Even for the Highly Religious? Journal of Business Ethics; DOI: 10.1007/s10551-012-1239-0. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 19-8-2014

Cramer, P. 2007. Longitudinal Study of Defense Mechanisms: Late Childhood to Late Adolescence. Journal of Personality 75:1. Diunduh dari htt p://

clubpsy/Materiali%20za%20kachvane/Library/razlichni%20lekcii%20na%20angliiski/Longitudinal%20Study%20of%20Defense%20Mechanisms.pdf, pada tanggal 22-8-2014

Erol, S. 2008. Reading Orhan Pamuk’s Snow as Parody: Diff erence as Sameness. Comparative Critical Studies 4, 3, pp. 403–432. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 22-8-2014

Freeland, C. 2010. Potraits and Persons. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Funk, N.C., Said, A.A. 2004. Islam And The West: Narratives Of Confl ict And Confl ict

Transformation. International Journal of Peace Studies, Volume 9, Number 1. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Grijalva, E., Peter D. Harms, Daniel A. Newman, Blaine H. Gaddis, R. Chris Fraley. 2013. Narcissism And Leadership: A Meta-Analytic Review Of Linear And Nonlinear Relationships. Personnel Psychology. Diunduh dari le%2FBlaine_Gaddis%2Fpublication%2F259555038_NARCISSISM_AND_LEADERSHIP_A_META-ANALYTIC_REVIEW_OF_LINEAR_AND_NONLINEAR_RELATIONSHIPS%2Flinks%2F53ee580e0cf26b9b7dc85cb9&ei=L-g0VK_JL4qRuASE-oLoAw&usg=AFQjCNGDcA94dCfOg1Nk2UhcMj7PruX-kw&sig2=G5gNoSEGlBRuVUcdSqxotQ&bvm=bv.76943099,d.c2E, pada tanggal 24-8-2014

Hill, P.L. B. W. Roberts. 2011. Narcissism, Well-Being, and Observer-Rated Personality Across the Lifespan. Social Psychological and Personality Science. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 22-8-2014

Judge, T. A., LePine, J. A., & Rich, B. L. 2006. Loving yourself abundantly: Relationship of the narcissistic personality to self- and other perceptions of workplace deviance, leadership, and task and contextual performance. Journal of Applied Psychology,91, 762–776. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.91.4.762. Diunduh dari,%20LePine,%20and%20Rich%20JAP%202006.pdf, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Liddick, D.R. 2006. Eco-Terrorism: Radical Environmental and Animal Liberation Movements. London: Praeger. Diunduh dari html, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Mani, B.V. 2012. Unpacking Orhan Pamuk’s Library: A Dialogue with World Literature. Great World Texts Snow in Wisconsin Teacher Workshops. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Martyn, D. 2008. Turkish-German Literature Goes Istanbul, or, Lessons for Multicultural Germanists in Orhan Pamuk’s My Name is Red. Macalester International Vol. 15. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 23-8-2014

McKinney, B.C, Lynne Kelly, Robert L. Duran. 2012. Narcissism or Openness?: College Students’ Use of Facebook and Twitt er. Communication Research Reports; 29 (2): 108. Diunduh dari htt p://

VDT0styUfT8, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Miller, A. 1981. Prisoners of childhood. New York: Basic Books. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Minana, R. 2008. Saving Arnavutköy: The Contemporary Cultural Politics Of Turkey. Macalester International Vol. 15. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Morf, C. C., & Rhodewalt, F. 2001. Unraveling the paradoxes of narcissism: A dynamic self-regulatory processing model. Psychological Inquiry, 12, 177–196. doi:10.1207/S15327965PLI1204_1. Diunduh dari htt p://

S15327965PLI1204_1#.VDT30tyUfT8, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

O’Boyle, E.H., Forsyth, D.R., Banks, G.C., McDaniel, M.A. 2012. A Meta-Analysis of the Dark Triad and Work Behavior: A Social Exchange Perspective. Journal of Applied Psychology Vol. 97, No. 3, 557–579. Diunduh dari htt p://

Publications/O’Boyle%20et%20al%20(2012%20JAP%20-%20Dark%20Triad).pdf, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Pamuk, P. 2002. My Name is Red, trans. E. M. Göknar (New York: Vintage) Paschen, M., Dihsmaier, E. 2014. The Psychology of Human Leadership. Berlin: Springer. Diunduh dari 26e867ea12addf&ext=.pdf, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Paulhus, D. L. 1998. Interpersonal and intrapsychic adaptiveness of trait selfenhancement:

A mixed blessing? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1197–1208. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Paulhus, D. L., & John, O. P. 1998. Egoistic and moralistic biases in self-perception: The interplay of self-deceptive styles with basic traits and motives. Journal of Personality,66, 1025–1060. Diunduh dari

downloads/JP%2098%20with%20John.pdf, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Penney, L. M., & Spector, P. E. 2002. Narcissism and counterproductive work behavior: Do bigger egos mean bigger problems? International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 10, 126–134. doi:10.1111/1468- 2389.00199. Diunduh dari bigger_egos_mean_bigger_problems, pada tanggal 20-8-2013

Pierce, J.L., Gardner, D.G. 2004. Self-Esteem Within the Work and Organizational Context: A Review of the Organization-Based Self-Esteem Literature. Journal of Management 30(5) 591–622. Diunduh dari htt ps:// p%3A%2F%2F

and_Organizational_Context_A_Review_of_the_Organization-Based_Self-Esteem_Literature%2Flinks%2F00b7d523c5b4473f09000000&ei=1Ps0VPuzF8fguQT8tIHYCg&usg=AFQjCNECMwzyKgr_SS9pO3ac7L-WfBOKyA&sig2=wpeXN-cNDD0EypdJVJvwpA&bvm=bv.76943099,d.c2E, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Raskin, R. N., & Terry, H. 1988. A principle components analysis of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and further evidence of its construct validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 890–902. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 20-8-2014

Reinhard DA, Konrath SH, Lopez WD, Cameron HG (2012) Correction:

Expensive Egos: Narcissistic Males Have Higher Cortisol. PLoS ONE 7(7):10.1371/annotation/1c60eca3-794f-4a09-8a82-e43ed3cc2009. doi: 10.1371/annotation/1c60eca3-794f-4a09-8a82-e43ed3cc2009. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 18-8-2014

Resick, C. J., Whitman, D. S., Weingarden, S. M., & Hiller, N. J. (2009). The brightside and the dark-side of CEO personality: Examining core self-evaluations, narcissism, transformational leadership, and strategic infl uence. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94, 1365–1381. doi:10.1037/a0016238. Diunduh dari uence.pdf, pada tanggal 21-8-2014

Roedel, A. 2006. The Evolution of Masculinity: Marketing and the Appearance of Man. Saginaw Valley State University. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 19-8-2014

Rose, G. 2001. Visual Methodologies. London: Sage. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 18-8-2014

Silani, G., C. Lamm, C. C. Ruff , T. Singer. 2013. Right Supramarginal Gyrus Is Crucial to Overcome Emotional Egocentricity Bias in Social Judgments. Journal of Neuroscience, 33 (39): 15466. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 19-8-2014

Wuthnow, R. 2005. Religious Orientations. Dalam Encyclopedia of Sociology Vol 4. Second Edition. Eds Borgatt a, E.F., dan Montgomerry, R.J.V. Macmillan, hal. 2382-2387. Diunduh dari, pada tanggal 19-8-2014


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya


Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional


Free counters!View My Stats