KRAKATAU ON FIRE, THE DISASTER OF 1883 IN DUTCH COLONIAL LITERATURE: A POSTCOLONIAL APPROACH

Rick Honings

Abstract


In 1883, the volcano Krakatau erupted and collapsed, causing the deaths of tens of thousands. The eruption was one of the first disasters to take place beyond the Dutch boundaries that received so much attention in the Netherlands. Although the disaster appealed to the imagination, it barely led to the publication of fiction. Only in Dutch Indies youth literature can one find something about the Krakatau. In this article, four Dutch stories and novels are analysed: “Stories of the moon” by Nellie van Kol-Porreij, The hermit of Rakata or Krakatau on fire by Robert Michael Ballantyne, “Nine Months on Krakatau” by B.L. Kailola and Escaped from the jaws of death: The Krakatau tragedy by Rick Blekkink. These sources are analysed from a postcolonial perspective focusing on unequal power relations. Focal points are the representation of the Indies and the indigenous people of the colony. This article illustrates the continuities and shifts in the representations over de course of time (1886-2014). 


Keywords


Krakatau, eruption, Dutch East Indies, Dutch literature, (post)colonialism



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/paradigma.v10i3.433

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ballantyne. 1897. De kluizenaar van Rakata. Krakatau in vuur en vlam. Zaltbommel: Van de Garde en co.

Blekkink, R. 2014. Ontsnapt uit de kaken van de dood. De Krakatau tragedie. [S.l.]: [s.n.].

Boehmer, E. 2005. Colonial and Postcolonial Literature. Migrant Metaphors. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bosnak, J. & R. Honings. 2020. “‘Behoed ons arme volk voor de vulkaan-poëten’. De literaire verwerking van de Krakatau-ramp van 1883 in Nederland en Indonesië”, De Moderne Tijd 4, 232–272.

Buur, D. 1991. Indische jeugdliteratuur. Geannoteerde bibliografie van jeugdboeken over Nederlands-Indië en Indonesië. Leiden: KITLV Uitgeverij.

Couperus, L. 1992. Oostwaarts. Ed. H.T.M. van Vliet, J.B. Robert & Gerard Nijenhuis. Amsterdam [etc.]: Veen.

Cuijpers, C. 2005. “Het album Holland-Krakatau (1883). Artistieke liefdadigheid en exotische inspiratie”, De Negentiende Eeuw 29, 219–240.

D’Arcy Wood, G. 2014. Tambora. The Eruption that Changed the World. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Haasse, H.S. 1954. Zelfportret als legkaart. 2nd ed. Amsterdam: De Bezige Bij.

Honings, R. 2020. Het eiland van vuurrazernij. De Krakatau-ramp van 1883 en de Nederlandse literatuur”. Leiden: Stichting Neerlandistiek Leiden (29th Bert van Selm lecture).

Jaquet, F.G.P. 1983. “Dutch reactions on the 1833 eruption of the Krakatau: a picture of the time’ [Paper presented at the symposium 100th year development of Krakatau and its surroundings, August 23-27, 1983, in Jakarta]. Jakarta: [s.n.]. Collection University Library Leiden, KITLV3 M j 228 N+.

Jaquet, F. 1988. “Nederlandse reacties op de uitbarsting 1883 van de Krakatau: een tijdsbeeld”. In: Reggie Baay & Peter van Zonneveld (ed.), Indisch-Nederlandse literatuur. Dertien bijdragen voor Rob Nieuwenhuys, 76–110. Utrecht: HES.

Kailola, B.L. 1929. “Negen maanden op Krakatau”. In: Een boek vol avontuur uit ‘Stavast’. Utrecht: W. de Haan.

Morgan, M.R. 2013. “The Eruption of Krakatoa (also known as Krakatau) in 1883”, in: Dino Franco Felluga (ed.), BRANCH. Britain, Representation and Nineteenth-Century History; http://www.branchcollective.org/? ps_articles=monique-morgan-the-eruption-of-krakatoa-also-known-as-krakatau-in-1883.

Nellie. 1886. Sprookjes en vertellingen. Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Said, E. 1978. Orientalism. London [etc.]: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Winchester. 2003. Krakatoa: The day the world exploded, 27 August 1883. London: Viking.

_____, S. 2015. Krakatau. De dag dat de wereld ontplofte. 27 augustus 1883. Amsterdam [etc.]: Atlas.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Paradigma: Jurnal Kajian Budaya


    

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional

                                      

Free counters!View My Stats