Johanis Putratama Kamuri


Traditional society is a society that is strongly influenced by tradition. However, the fact is a society can also change such strong tradition. This research aims to understand the driving force that allows the influence of tradition and changes in traditions by traditional societies. Through a systematic review of relevant literature, this research complements Giddens' structuration theory with MacIntyre's thoughts about cultural components that make up the cognitive structure and shows that worldview - a virtual structure in cognition that corresponds to the structure of society - is the force that determines the influence and change of traditions. Therefore, different from studies that point to external forces such as education, globalization, and modernization as causes of changes in traditional societies, this study refers to worldview as an agent's internal capacity. The influence of tradition on agents and changes in tradition caused by various external forces is mediated by worldview; thus, the power of tradition presupposes the power of worldview, and changes in tradition presuppose a change in worldview.


Worldview; social structure; traditional societies; the influence of tradition; the change of tradition.


Full Text:



Alam, Bachtiar. 1998. Globalisasi dan Perubahan Budaya: Perspektif Teori Kebudayaan. Antropologi Indonesia No.54: 1-11.

Berger, Peter and Thomas Luckmann. 1991. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. England: Penguin Books.

Block, David. 2013. The structure and agency dilemma in identity and intercultural communication research. Language and Intercultural Communication 13, no. 2 [April]: 126-147.

Browne, Craig. 2015. Change is Central to Sociology. Dalam Change! Combining Analytic Approaches with Street Wisdom Book, diedit oleh Gabrielle Bammer, 55-80. Australia: ANU Press.

Bruning, Stephen and Kathryn E Lambe. 2009. Linking Worldview, Relationship Attitudes, and Behavioral Outcomes: Implications for the Study and Practice of Public Relations. Journal of Promotion Management 14, no. 3-4 [March]: 139-151.

Demeter, Tamás. 2012. "Weltanschauung" as a priori: sociology of knowledge from a 'romantic' stance. Studies in East European Thought 64, no. 1/2 [May]: 39-52.

Denscombe, Martyn. 2014. The Good Research Guide: For Small-Scale Social Research Projects. New York: Open University Press.

Diamond, Jared. 2018. The World Until Yesterday, diterjemahkan oleh Damaring T.W. Palar. Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Eriksen, Annelin. 2007. Understanding Cultural Change: The Return of Core Anthropological Concepts. Reviews in Anthropology 36, no. 2: 131-154.

Gadamer, Hans-Georg. 2013. Truth and Method. London and New York: Bloomsbury Academic.

Gerke, Solvay. 1997. Ethnic relations and cultural dynamics in East Kalimantan: The case of the Dayak lady. Indonesia and the Malay World 25, no.72: 176-187.

Giddens, Anthony. 1979. Central Problems in Social Theory. London: Macmillan.

Giddens, Anthony. 1984. The Constitution of Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Giddens, Anthony. 1987. The Nation-State and Violence. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Giddens, Anthony and Philip W Sutton. 2014. Essential Concepts in Sociology. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Gramsch, Alexander. 1962. Culture, Change, Identity: Approaches to The Interpretation of Cultural change. Anthropologie 53, no. 3 [Januari]: 341-350.

Hall, Stuart. 1993, Cultural Identity and Diaspora. In Colonial Discourse & Postcolonial Theory: A Reader, edited by Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman. New York: Columbia University Press.

Hoffecker, W. Andrew. 2007. Introduction. In Revolution in Worldview: Understanding the Flow of Western Thought, edited by W. Andrew Hoffecker. New Jersey: P&R Publishing.

Kahneman, Daniel. 2013. Thinking, Fast and Slow, diterjemahkan oleh Zia Anshor. Jakarta: Penerbit PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama dan Kompas Gramedia.

Kim, David., David McCalman and Dan Fisher. 2012. The Sacred/Secular Divide and the Christian Worldview. Journal of Business Ethics 109, no. 2 [August]: 203-208.

Lawn, Chris and Niall Keane. 2011. The Gadamer dictionary. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Loyal, Steven. 2003. The Sociology of Anthony Giddens. London: Pluto Press

MacIntyre, Alasdair. 1984. After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press.

MacIntyre, Alasdair. 1988. Whose Justice? Which rationality? Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press.

Magnis-Suseno, Franz. 1992. Filsafat Sebagai Ilmu Kritis. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisus.

Magnis-Suseno, Franz. 2000. 12 Tokoh Etika Abad ke-20. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius.

Meštrović, Stjepan G. 2005. Anthony Giddens: The Last Modernist. New York: Routledge.

Muhammad, Bushar. 2013. Asas-Asas Hukum Adat: Suatu Pengantar.

Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Schultz K. G and J.A. Swezey. 2013. A Three-Dimensional Concept of Worldview. Journal of Research on Christian Education 22, no. 3 [December]: 227-243.

Simms, Karl. 2015. Hans-Georg Gadamer. London and New York: Routledge.

Smith, Philip dan Alexander Riley. 2009. Cultural Theory: An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Turner, Kathleen. 2010. Myths and Moral Authority in Maluku: The Case of Ambon. Asian Ethnicity 4, no.2 [May]: 241-263.

Webb, Paul. 1986. Adat And Christianity In Nusa Tenggara Timur: Reaction and Encounter: Traditional custom and modern development in Eastern Indonesia. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 14, no. 4 [December]: 339-365

Wilkens, Steve and Mark L. Sanford. 2009. Hidden Worldviews: Eight Cultural Stories that Shape Our Lives. Downers Grove, Illinois: IVP Academic.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Paradigma: Jurnal Kajian Budaya


Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional


Free counters!View My Stats