MELACAK AKAR KREATIVITAS DI KOTA BANDUNG MASA KOLONIAL

Achmad Sunjayadi

Abstract


In 2007 Bandung was designated as a pilot project for the creative cities of Asia Pacific, and in 2015 Bandung was included in the UNESCO Creative Cities Network. It is related to the development of the city of Bandung and the creativity of the population. Its creativity is formed through a process. This article traces the roots of this creativity since the beginning of its formation in the early 19th century to become the city of Bandung in the early 20th century. The method used is the historical method supported by creative cities’ and voluntary organization’s concepts. Primary sources were official government archives, tourist guidebooks, magazines, and newspapers. The result shows that the roots of the creativity of the Bandung population have been formed since the colonial period, both individually and in groups. Through the synergy between the community and leaders in the city of Bandung, they are incorporated into organizations whose initial goals are for the welfare of the people of Bandung, then develop introducing the city of Bandung for people from outside Bandung in tourism activities. They prepared several infrastructure facilities and built tourism objects for both citizens and tourists.


Keywords


Bandung; Indonesia masa Kolonial; Komunitas; Kota Kreatif



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/paradigma.v10i3.369

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alexandri, M.B. 2017. Creative City: Analysis of Bandung Creative City Indicators. 3rd Parahyangan International Accounting & Business Conference, 737–744.

Algemeen Verslag 1856, Bundel Priangan 4/5, ANRI.

_____ 1870, Bundel Priangan 6/6, ANRI.

Algemene Secretarie 1064, ANRI. Surat dari W.H.Hoogland dan M.A.J.Kelling Untuk Letnan Gubernur Jenderal, 2 Oktober 1948.

Algemeen Handelsblad, 11-10-1928.

Anttiroiko, Ari-Veikko. 2014. The Political Economy of City Branding. London and New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis.

Aritenang, A. 2015. Transfer Policy on Creative City: The Case of Bandung, Indonesia. Procedia Social Behavioral Science 184: 4–45.

Bastaman, A. 2018. Bandung City Branding: Exploring the Role of Local Community Involvement to Gain City Competitive Value. Journal of Enterpreneurship, Business and Economics. 6, no. 1: 144–165.

Bataviaasch Handelsblad, 2-7-1879.

Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad, 16-4-1898; 11-11-1898; 8-3- 1899; 11-7-1925; 8-8-1925; 30-12-1925; 18-12-1935; 8-2-1941; 7-5-1941; 24-5-1941; 3-6-1941.

Bemmelen, J.F.v. & Hooyer, G.B. 1896. Reisgids voor Nederlandsch- Indië. Batavia: Kolff.

Brahmantyo, B & Bachtiar. T. 2009. Wisata Bumi Cekungan Bandung. Bandung: Truedee Pustaka Sejati.

Brinkerhoff, D.B. & White, L.K. 1988. Sociology. Second edition. St.Paul: West Publishing Company.

Buys, M.1891. Batavia, Buitenzorg en de Preanger. Gids voor Bezoekers en Toeristen. Batavia: G.Kolff & Co.

Dana, D.W. 1990. Ciri Perancangan Kota Bandung. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

De Indische Courant, 18-2-1925; 26-3-1925; 5-8-1933; 31-5-1935; 30-12-1935; 8-2-1941; 15-2-1941; 7-4-1941.

De Locomotief , 5-7-1879; 8-6-1883; 23-2-1899; 9-3-1899; 19-10-1900.

Departement van Koloniën. 1872. Koloniale Verslag. s’ Gravenhage: Departement van Koloniën.

_____. 1893. Koloniaal Verslag. s’ Gravenhage: Departement van Koloniën.

_____. 1898. Koloniaal Verslag. s’ Gravenhage: Departement van Koloniën.

Encyclopaedie Nederlandsch Indië.1917. s’Gravenhage-Leiden: Martijnus Nijhoff-E.J.Brill.

De Telegraaf, 20-5-1898.

Dienaputra, R. D. 2005. “Bandung 1906-1970: Studi tentang Perkembangan Ekonomi Kota.” Dalam Kota Lama Kota Baru. Sejarah Kota-Kota di Indonesia, editor Freek Colombijn, Martine Barwegen, Purnawan Basundoro, Johny Alfian Khusyairi, hal. 188-208. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.

Hardjasaputra, A.S. 2002. Perubahan Sosial di Bandung 1810-1906. Disertasi Fakultas Sastra Universitas Indonesia.

Het Nieuws van den dag voor Nederlandsch Indië, 12-7-1925; 25-8-1933; 9-9-1935.

Hermawati, R & Runiawati, N. 2015. Enhancement of Creative Industries in Bandung City through Cultural, Community, and Public Policy Approach. 4th Conference on Law, Education and Humanities, Paris, France: 95–99.

Hutagalung, R. & Nugraha, T. 2008. Braga. Jantung Parijs van Java. Jakarta: Ka Bandung.

Java Bode, 19-3-1853;6-6-1883.

Kunto, H.1984. Wajah Bandoeng tempoe doeloe. Bandung: Granesia.

_____.1986. Semerbak Bunga di Bandung Raya. Bandung: Granesia.

Landry, C & Bianchini, F. 1995. The Creative City. London: Demos-Comedia.

Leidelmeijer, M. 1997. ‘Van Suikermolen tot Grootbedrijf’, Phd theses Technische Universiteit Eindhoven.

Marihandono. D. 2005. Sentralisasi kekuasaan pemerintahan Herman Willem Daendels di Jawa 1808-1818: Penerapan Instruksi Napoleon Bonaparte. Disertasi Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya Universitas Indonesia.

Maryunani, S.F & Mirzanti, I.R. 2015. The Development of Entrepreneurship in Creative Industries with Reference to Bandung as a Creative City. Procedia Social Behavioral Science 169: 387–394.

Mooi Bandoeng. Maret 1933; Maret 1935; Maret 1939; Maret 1941.

Mulyana, A. 2005. Melintasi Pegunungan, Pedataran, hingga Rawa-Rawa: Pembangunan Jalan Kereta Api di Priangan 1878-1924. Disertasi Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya Universitas Indonesia.

Nieuwenkamp, W.O.J. 1908. Gids voor Bandoeng. Bandoeng: A.C. Nix & Co.

Pos, Mary. 1948. Eens op Java en Sumatra. Baarn: De Boekerij.

Preanger Bode, 2-5-1952; 6-5-1952; 25-9-1952; 24-7- 1953; 5-3-1954; 5-12-1956.

Regeringsalmanak voor Nederlandsch-Indië. 1906. Batavia: Landsdrukkerij.

_____. 1907. Batavia: Landsdrukkerij.

Reitsma, S.A. 1912. De Wegen in de Preanger. Bandung: Kolff.

_____. 1926. Bandoeng The Mountain City of Netherlands India. Weltevreden-Batavia: G. Kolff & Co.

Soerabaiasch Handelsblad, 3-3-1898; 10-11-1898; 16-2-1899.

Staatsblad van Nederlandsch Indië.1906. No. 121.

Suganda, H. 2014. Kisah Para Preanger Planters. Jakarta: Kompas.

Suparman, S. et al. 2012. Identification Characteristics of Potential Creative Industry in Bandung to be Developed through Strategy of Replication. Procedia Social Behavioral Science 65: 955-60.

Swedberg, R. 2005. The Max Weber Dictionary. Key Words and Central Concept. California: Stanford University Press.

Tanuwidjaja, Gunawan. 2005. ‘The City of Bandung and Review of Bandung Spatial Planning Strategies in 2005’. Bandung: Green Impact Indonesia.

Termorshuizen, G. 2001. Journalisten en heethoofden. Een Geschiedenis van de Indisch-Nederlandse Dagbladpers 1744-1905. Leiden: KITLV.

Vanolo, Alberto. 2017. City Branding: The Ghostly Politics of Representation in Globalising Cities. New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis.

Vereeniging tot Nut van Bandoeng en Omstreken. 1898. Reisgids voor Bandoeng en Omstreken met Garoet. Bandung: de Vries & Fabricius.

Voskuil, R.P.G.A. 1996. Bandoeng. Beeld van een stad. Purmerend: Asia Maior.

Yencken, D. 2013. Creative Cities. Space, Place & Culture 3: 1–21.

Wertheim, W.F. 1958. The Indonesia Town: Study in Urban Sociology. The Hague: W. van Hoeve.

Wiryono, S.K. et al. 2015. Risk Mapping on Dynamics Creative Industry: Case Study at Bandung City,

Indonesia. Procedia Social Behavioral Science 169: 125–30.

Zul Fahmi, F., McCann, P, Koster, S. 2017. Creative economy policy in developing countries: the case of Indonesia. Urban Studies 54, no. 6:1367–1384.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Paradigma: Jurnal Kajian Budaya


    

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional

                                      

Free counters!View My Stats