Morfem Derivasional dalam Bahasa Mandarin

Yulie Neila Chandra

Abstract


Affixation is one of the process of morphological in Mandarin. Affixes are bound morphemes that are added to other morphemes to form larger units such as words, especially to form a compound word (成词 héchéng cí). Mandarin has two types of affixes: prefixes (precedes the morpheme) and suffixes (follows the morpheme). Prefixes are rare in Mandarin, such as {初chū-}, {第dì-}, {非fēi-}, {可kĕ-}, etc;while suffixes are more numerous, such as {儿-er}, {化 –huā}, {家 –jiā}, {们 –men}, {员 –yuán}, {者 –zhĕ}, {子-zi}, etc. In Mandarin, affix morphemes can also be divided into two functional categories, namely inflectional morphemes and derivational morphemes, both refers two principal word formation processes: inflection and derivation. Although, Mandarin is not the inflection language, only prefix {初chū-} and suffix {们–men} are inflectional morphemes. Therefore, the derivation process is more productive in Mandarin. Derivational morphemes form new words by changing the meaning of the base (root) and the word class. In consequence, derivation in Mandarin may cause a change of word classes; such as nouns, verbs, and adjective, but generally form nouns.


Keywords


Affixation; bound morphemes; inflectional; derivational



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/paradigma.v3i1.35

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bauer, Laurie. Introducing Linguistic Morphology. London: Edinburgh University Press. 1988.

Fang Yuqing. 实 用 汉 语 语 法 Shiyong Hanyu Yufa (Gramatika Bahasa Mandarin Praktis). Beijing: Beijing Yuyan Xueyuan Chubanshe. 1992.

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. Kelas Kata dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia. 1990.

________. Introduction to Word Formation and Word Classes in Indonesian. Depok: Fakultas Sastra Universitas Indonesia. 1998.

________. Tata Wacana Deskriptif Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: FSUI. 1999.

Katamba, Francis. Morphology. London: Macmillan Press Ltd. 1993.

Li, Charles N. dan Sandra A. Thompson. Mandarin Chinese: A Functional Reference

Grammar. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1981.

Luo Xiaosuo. 现 代 汉 语 引 论 Xiandai Hanyu Yinlun (Introduction to Modern Chinese). Yunnan: Yunnan Renmin Chubanshe. 1999.

Lü Shuxiang. 现代汉语八百词 Xiandai Hanyu Ba Bai Ci. Beijing: Shangwu Yinshuguan. 2010.

Nida, Eugene A. Morphology: the Descriptive Analysis of Words (2nd ed.). New York: The University of Michigan Press. 1949.

Sun Dejin. 汉语语法教程 Hanyu Yufa Jiaocheng. Beijing: Beijing Yuyan Daxue Chubanshe. 2003.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya


    

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional

                                      

Free counters!View My Stats