Huaqiao dan Huaren: Sebuah Tinjauan Historis

Joanessa M. J. S. Seda

Abstract


This paper talks about the history of the birth and development of the terms Huaqiao and Huaren, the popular terms in Chinese for Chinese people who migrated out of China. In fact, there were two important factors which influenced the birth and development process of these terms. Those were the migration of the Chinese people out of China and the political development in and outside China. Without migration, these terms would not exist. Even if they exist, the birth and development of their meaning were influenced by the perceptions of all people who were involved and had interest in this migration process. These perceptions would not exist without the influence of the political condition and situation in and outside China. It is these factors which bring the terms Huaqiao and Huaren to its present meaning.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/paradigma.v3i1.29

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cai, Renlong. Yindunixiya Huaqiao Shi (Sejarah Orang Tionghoa di Luar Tiongkok di Indonesia). Beijing: Haiyang Chubanshe. 1985.

Fitzgerald, C.P. The Southern Expansion Of The Chinese People. New York: Praeger

Publishers, Inc. 1972.

Govaars, Ming. Dutch Colonial Education:The Chinese Experience in Indonesia, 1900-

. Singapore: Chinese Heritage Centre. 2005.

Heidhues, Mary F.Somers. Southeast Asia’s Chinese Minorities. Hawthorn: Longman Australia Pty Limited. 1974.

Hicks, George L., ed. Overseas Chinese Remittances From Southeast Asia 1910-1940.

Singapore: Select Book Pte Ltd. 1993.

Hooker, M.Barry, ed. Law and The Chinese in Southeast Asia. Singapore: Institute of

Southeast Asian Studies. 2002.

Kuhn, Philip A. Chinese Among Others:Emigration in Modern Times. Singapore: NUS

Press. 2008.

Lee, Lai To, ed. The 1911 Revolution-The Chinese in British and Dutch Southeast Asia.

Singapore: Heinemann Publishers Asia Pte Ltd. 1987.

Li, Xuemin, et.al. Yinni Huaqiao Shi: Gudai zhi 1949 Nian (Sejarah Orang Tionghoa di Indonesia: Dari Jaman Kuno Hingga Tahun 1949). Guangzhou: Guangdong Deng Jiaoyu Chubanshe. 2005.

Ma, J.C.Laurence & Carolyn Cartier (ed.). The Chinese Diaspora: Space, Place, Mobility, and Identity. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 2003.

Mao, Qixiong, et.al. Zhongguo Qiaowu Zhengce Gaishu (Garis Besar Kebijakan Pemerintah Tiongkok Mengenai Masalah Orang Tionghoa di Luar Tiongkok). Beijing: Zhongguo Huaqiao Chubanshe. 1993.

Pan, Ling. Haiwai Huaren Baiquan Keshu (Ensiklopedia Mengenai Orang Tionghoa di Luar Tiongkok). Hong Kong: Sanlian Shudian Youxian Gongsi. 1998.

Poerwadarminta, W.J.S. Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: PN Balai Pustaka. 1976.

Seda, Joanessa M.J.S. “Perkembangan Kebijakan Pemerintah Cina Mengenai Dwikewarganegaraan Etnis Cina Di Asia Tenggara (1909-2000)”. Tesis yang diajukan untuk melengkapi persyaratan perolehan gelar Magister Humaniora pada Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Sejarah, Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya, Universitas Indonesia,

Depok. 2007.

Stuart-Fox, Martin. A Short History Of China And Southeast Asia:Tribute, Trade And Influence. New South Wales: Allen & Unwin. 2003.

Suryadinata, Leo, ed. Ethnic Chinese as Southeast Asians. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 1997.

________. Peranakan Chinese In A Globalizing Southeast Asia. Singapore: Chinese Heritage Centre & Baba House. 2010.

Wang, Gungwu. China and The Chinese Overseas. Singapore: Times Academic Press. 1991.

______. Community and Nation:China, Southeast Asia and Australia. New South Wales: Allen & Unwin Pty Ltd. 1992.

______. Don’t Leave Home: Migration and The Chinese. Singapore: Times Media Private Limited. 2003.

Zhongguo Da Baike Quanshu Zhongbian Weiyuanhui. Zhongguo Da Baike Quanshu: Faxue (Ensiklopedia Hukum Tiongkok). Beijing: Zhongguo Da Baike Quanshu Chubanshe. 1984.

Zhou, Nanjing, ed. Huaqiao Huaren Yanjiu Lun Cong (Kumpulan Penelitian Mengenai Orang Tionghoa di Luar Tiongkok). Beijing: Zhongguo Huaqiao Chubanshe. 1998.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya


    

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional

                                      

Free counters!View My Stats