The Character and the Spatial Concepts of Cakranegara The Hist orical City of Indonesia as an Alternative Urban Design

Lalu Mulyadi

Abstract


The main challenge in Indonesian urban conservation efforts is to determine how changes can meetour current needs without jeopardizing its unique character. Cakranegara, Lombok is one of the townsthat have unique character and concept for its spatial organization. This research seeks to define thecharacter of Cakranegara by outlining the spatial city concepts in relation to the physical character basedon the socio-cultural and religious principles using questionnaires, mental mapping, visual surveyand interviews. The results indicate that the grid pattern, settlement blocks and the positioning of the
east-west temples have become the specific character of the city. Findings suggest that cosmologicalphilosophy that emphasizes on the relationship between human and nature is used to determinethe spatial organization. This relationship is observed in the placement of the three temples which
symbolizes the spirit, the dwellers as the energy and the settlement territorial as the vessel. The studyconcludes that the basic principles of socio-cultural and the socio-religious beliefs had created thespatial concept of this historic town.


Keywords


Cakranegara City; Socio-culture; Character; Spatial Concept



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/paradigma.v2i1.19

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