PILIHAN KATA DAN KONSTRUKSI PEREMPUAN SUNDA DALAM MAJALAH MANGLÈ: KAJIAN LINGUISTIK KORPUS DIAKRONIK

Susi Yuliawati

Abstract


Gender identity, one of the most important social categories in people’s lives, is socially constructed and language is claimed to have a significant role in constructing the gender identity. This paper studies the construction of Sundanese women through five Sundanese nouns referring to women found in the corpus of Manglè magazine, published between 1958–2013. The research employs a mixed-method design in which quantitative analysis is combined with qualitative analysis to investigate how the nouns referring to women are used to construct Sundanese women from the periods of Guided Democracy (1958–1965) to Reformation (2004–2013). The quantitative analysis is used to examine the frequency of word occurrence diachronically. The frequency of word accurrence is subsequently interpreted qualitatively by considering social and cultural contexts, such as the norms of speech levels in Sundanese, Sundanese belief about marriage, and gender issues. The result of analysis shows that women are constructed in various identities by every noun referring to them. The lexical choices used to contruct women are greatly influenced by the social and cultural contexts. 


Keywords


Sundanese; construction; women; corpus linguistics; lexical choices



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/paradigma.v7i2.172

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajip Rosidi. Urang Sunda jeung Basa Sunda. Bandung: Kiblat, 2007.

Anderson, E. A. ”Speech levels: The Case of Sundanese.” Pragmatics 3, no. 2 (1990): 107–136.

Ani Soetjipto. Pengaruh Konperensi Internasional PBB tentang Perempuan pada Kebijakan Pemerintah untuk Pemajuan Perempuan di Indonesia. Dalam Perempuan Indonesia dalam Masyarakat yang Tengah Berubah, peny. E. Kristi Poerwandari dan Rahayu Surtiarti Hidayat. Jakarta: Program Studi Kajian Wanita Program Pascasarjana Universitas Indonesia, 2000.

Asep Rahmat Hidayat. ”Wawacan Majapait Karya Haji Hasan Mustapa: Suntingan Teks Terjemahan Disertai

Analisis Tema dan Fungsi.” Tesis, Universitas Indonesia, 2009.

Baker, P. Will Ms Ever Be as Frequent as Mr? A Corpus-based Comparison of Gendered Terms across Four Diacronic Corpora of British English. Equinox Publishing, 2010.

Baker, P. Using Corpora to Analyze Gender. UK: Bloomsbury, 2014.

Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., dan Finegan, E. Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London: Longman, 1999.

Blackburn, S. Women and the State in Modern Indonesia. UK: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Butler, C. Statistics in Linguistics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985.

Creswell, J.W. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. USA: Sage Publications, Inc, 2014.

Dubois, B. L dan Crouch, I. ”The Question of Tag Question in Women’s Speech: They Don’t Really Use More of Them, Do They?” Language and Society 4, no. 3 (1975): 289-294.

Eckert, P. & McConnell-Ginet., S. Language and Gender. UK & US: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Esther Kuntjara. Gender, Bahasa, dan Kekuasaan. Jakarta: Libri, 2012.

Goodwin, M.H. Games of Stance: Conflict and Footing in Hopscotch. In Kids Play: Strategic Language Use in Later Childhood, peny. Hoyle, S.M. and Adger, C.T. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Halberstam, J. Female Masculinity. London: Routledge, 1998.

Hoey, M., Mahlberg, M., Stubbs, M., dan Teubert, W. Text Discourse and Corpora: Theory and analysis. London & New York: Continuum, 2007.

Holmes, J. ”Hedging Your Bets and Sitting on the Fence: Some Evidence for Hedges as Supporting Structures.” Te Reo 27 (1984): 47-62.

Jones, G. W. ”Which Indonesian Women Marry Youngest and Why?” Journal of Southeast Asia Studies, 32, no. 1 (2001): 67-78.

Jones, G.W. dan Gubhaju, B. 2008. Trends in Age at Marriage in the Provinces of Indonesia. (Working Paper Series No. 105). Asia Research Institute National University of Singapore.

Julia Suryakusuma. Ibuisme Negara: Konstruksi Sosial Keperempuanan Orde Baru. Depok: Komunitas

Bambu, 2011.

Kats, J. dan Soeriadiradja, M. Tata Bahasa dan Ungkapan Bahasa Sunda. Jakarta: Djambatan, 1982.

Kjellmer, G. ‘The Lesser Man’: Observations on the Role of Women in Modern English Writing. Dalam Corpus Lingustics II, peny. Jan Arts dan Willem Meijs. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1986.

Lakoff, R.T. Language and Woman’s Place. New York: Harper and Row Publishers Inc, 1975.

Lembaga Bahasa dan Sastra Sunda (LBSS). Kamus Umum Basa Sunda. Bandung: Penerbit Tarate Bandung,

McElhinny, B. Challenging Hegemonic Masculinities: Female and Male Police Officers Handling Domestic Violence. Dalam Gender Articulated, peny. Hall, K. and Bucholtz, M. New York: Routledge, 1995.

McElhinny, B. I Don’t Smile Much Anymore: Affect, Gender and the Discourse of Pittsburgh Police Officers. Dalam Language and gender: A reader, peny. Coates, J. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1998.

Mills, S. 2003. Third Wave Feminist Linguistics and the Analysis of Sexism. http://extra.shu.ac.uk/daol/articles/open/2003/001/mills2003001-paper.html (diakses 14 Maret 2017).

Pearce, M. ”Investigating the Collocational Behaviour of MAN and WOMAN in the British National Corpus Using Sketch Engine.” Corpora 3 (2008): 1–29.

Queen, R. I Don’t Speak Spritch: Locating Lesbian Language. Dalam Queerly Phrased: Language, Gender, and Sexuality, peny. Anna Livia dan Kira Hall. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

R. A. Danadibrata. Kamus Basa Sunda. Bandung: Kiblat, 2009.

R. Satjadibrata. Kamus Basa Sunda. Bandung: Kiblat, 2010.

Reiza D. Dienaputra. Sunda: Sejarah, Budaya, dan Politik. Jawa Barat: Sastra Unpad Press, 2011.

Romaine, S. Language in Society: An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Oxford Univerisity Press, 2001.

Saparinah Sadli. Berbeda tetapi Setara. Pemikiran tentang Kajian Perempuan. Jakarta: Kompas, 2010.

Shaw, S. Language and Gender in the House of Commons. Disertasi, University of London, 2002.

Sigley, R. dan Holmes, J. Looking at Girls in Corpora of English. Journal of English Linguistics. Sage Publication, 2002.

Spender, D. Man Made Language. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1980.

Sunderland, J. Language and Gender: An Advanced Resource Book. USA: Routledge, 2006.

Swacker, M. ”The Sex of Speaker as a Sociolinguistics Variable.” Dalam Language and sex: Difference and dominance, peny. B. Thorne dan N. Henley, 76–83. Rowley, MA: Newbury House ,1975.

Talbot, M. M. Language and Gender: An Introduction. UK: Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 2001.

Walsh, C. Gender and discourse: Language and Power in Politics, the Church and Organisations. London:Routledge, 2001.

Wardhaugh, R. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Blackwell Publishing, 1986.

Wessing, R. ”Language Levels in Sundanese,” Man, New Series 9, no. 1(1974): 5–22.

Zimmerman, D dan West, C. 1975. ”Sex Roles, Interruption and Silences in Conversation.” Dalam Language and sex: Difference and dominance, peny. B. Thorne dan N. Henley, 105–129. Rowley, MA: Newbury House ,1975.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya


    

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional

                                      

Free counters!View My Stats