TULANG FAUNA VERTEBRATA DI SITUS GUA KIDANG, BLORA, JAWA TENGAH

Ghufron Hidayatullah

Abstract


The research discusses the utilization of vertebrate fauna at the Kidang Cave site to identify the types and variations of vertebrate animals as subsistence and their respective habitats. The analysis was also instrumental in defining the natural landscape of Kidang Cave during the prehistoric era. Faunal fragments were previously analysed and identified taxonomically and anatomically. The analysis started with re-sortation of faunal bone fragments, classifying and further analyzing the data to obtain the number of identified specimens for each taxon (NISP) and the minimum number of individuals (MNI). From 8,265 bone fragments, only 1,378 were anatomically and taxonomically identifiable. The MNI calculation revealed a number of 23 taxa that were identified down to their familial levels and only two to class levels. The result of this research identified various fauna from different habitats were part of the human diet. Based on this analysis, the natural environment surrounding Kidang Cave during the prehistoric era was then predicted.


Keywords


Utilization; vertebrate animal; bone fragment; prehistory; Gua Kidang.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/paradigma.v7i2.170

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cornwall, I.W. 1960. Bones for the archaeologist. London: Phoenix House Ltd.

Deetz, J. 1967. Invitation to archaeology. New York: The Natural History Press.

Eltringham, S.K. 1984. Wildlife resources and economic development. UK: John Willey & Sons.

Fisher, John W, Jr. 1995. Bone Surface Modifications in Zooarcaeology. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 2, no. 1: 7-68.

Hayden, B. 1993. Archaeology: The science of once and future things. USA: W. H. Freeman and Company.

Klein, G.R., dan C.U. Kathryn. 1984. The analysis of animal bones from archeological sites. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Nurani, I.A. 2005 Pola okupasi gua-gua kawasan pegunungan utara Jawa. Laporan penelitian arkeologi, Yogyakarta, Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta.

Nurani, I.A. 2009. Pola okupasi gua hunian prasejarah kawasan karst Blora. Laporan penelitian tahap III, Yogyakarta, Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta.

Nurani, I.A., dan A.T. Hascharyo. 2011. Pola okupasi gua hunian prasejarah kawasan karst Blora: Laporan penelitian tahap V, Yogyakarta, Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta.

O’Connor, T. 2000. The archaeology of animal bones. Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing Limited.

Reitz, J.E., dan E.S. Wing. 2008. Zooarchaeology. Edisi ke-2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sharer, R.J., dan W. Ashmore. 2003. Archaeology discovering our past. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Simanjutak, Truman, Retno Handini, dan Bagyo Prasetyo, eds. 2004. Prasejarah Gunung Sewu. Jakarta: Ikatan Ahli Arkeologi Indonesia.

Sisson, S., dan J.D. Grossman. 1953. The anatomy of domestic animal. Philadelphia: W. B. Sounders Company.

Wiradnyana, K. 2012. Fauna dalam arkeologi: Seri pengembangan arkeologi Sumatera bagian utara. Medan: Balai Arkeologi Medan


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya


    

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional

                                      

Free counters!View My Stats